In Colombia, the creation of a company can be a challenging process if the necessary legal requirements are not known. Below, we provide you with a detailed guide on the steps you must follow to create a company in Colombia and comply with the legal requirements.
The first thing you must do to create a company in Colombia is to register with the Chamber of Commerce of the city where your business will be established.
The Commercial Registry is a document that identifies the company and its owners. This registration is essential, since without it you will not be able to carry out any commercial activity.
Selection of the Legal Form
The next step is to select the legal form that your company will have. In Colombia, there are several legal forms, such as limited liability companies, corporations, sole proprietorships, among others.
Each has its own characteristics and legal requirements, so it is important to choose the one that best suits your needs.
Obtaining the NIT
The NIT is the Tax Identification Number assigned to the company once it has been registered at the Chamber of Commerce.
This number is necessary to carry out any commercial activity in Colombia and to pay taxes.
Registration in the RUT
The Single Tax Registry (RUT) is a registry that must be kept by all companies that carry out commercial activities in Colombia.
This registration is mandatory and must be made before the National Tax and Customs Directorate (DIAN). Upon registration in the RUT, the company will receive a tax identification number, which is necessary to carry out commercial transactions.
Obtaining an Operating License
The Operating License is a document that certifies that the company complies with the legal requirements to operate in Colombia.
This license is obtained from the mayor’s office of the municipality where the company is to be established.
Registration with Social Security
All companies in Colombia must register with the social security system.
This includes affiliation to the health, pension and labor risk systems.
It is important to note that failure to comply with these obligations may lead to sanctions and fines by the authorities.
Obtaining Permits and Special Licenses
Depending on the type of activity carried out by the company, special permits and licenses may be required.
For example, if the company is engaged in the manufacture or sale of food, it is necessary to obtain a sanitary permit from the Ministry of Health.
In conclusion, creating a company in Colombia requires compliance with several legal requirements, from registration with the Chamber of Commerce to obtaining special permits and licenses.
It is important to ensure that you comply with all legal obligations to avoid penalties and fines from the authorities.