Accounting Engineering and Creative Accounting

portada ingenieria contable y contabilidad creativa

According to Bulletin No. 1 of the Chilean Association of Accountants, the main objective of accounting is “to provide quantitative and timely information in a structured and systematic manner on the operations of an entity, considering the economic events that affect it, to enable it and third parties to make social, economic and political decisions”.

Accounting Engineering and Creative Accounting are two concepts related to accounting, but differ in their approaches and practices. The following is a brief explanation of both concepts and the differences between them:

Accounting Engineering: Accounting Engineering refers to the application of accounting principles and techniques to optimize a company’s financial resources, maximize its profits and legally minimize taxes. It involves the use of legal strategies and tactics to structure transactions, present financial information and make financial decisions in order to obtain economic and tax advantages.

Accounting Engineering is based on a thorough knowledge of accounting and tax regulations, as well as the ability to design financial structures and transactions that comply with current regulations. The main purpose is to find efficient and legally valid financial solutions for the company.

Creative Accounting: Creative Accounting, also known as accounting makeup or financial engineering, involves the use of unethical or even fraudulent accounting practices to manipulate financial information and present a misleading picture of a company’s financial condition. This expression has recently become part of the accounting language and has had great consequences in the financial, economic and tax fields.

These are techniques that seek to conceal losses, inflate revenues or alter financial statements in order to deceive investors, creditors or other interested parties.

Unlike Engineering Accounting, Creative Accounting engages in irregular and deceptive practices, violating established accounting and ethical principles. These practices may include manipulation of income, concealment of debts, improper recording of transactions, among others.

In a nutshell

the key difference between Accounting Engineering and Creative Accounting lies in the legality and ethics of the practices employed. Accounting Engineering seeks to use accounting rules and standards in an efficient and legal manner to optimize financial resources, while Creative Accounting involves fraudulent or deceptive accounting practices with the objective of manipulating financial information.