Cruise and Passenger Shipping Liability Regulations

normativas de responsabilidad en cruceros y transporte maritimo de pasajeros

Internationally and in Colombia, there are specific regulations governing liability in cruise ships and maritime passenger transportation. Some of these regulations are:


  • International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS): This convention establishes safety standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships. SOLAS contains specific provisions for passenger and crew safety, including aspects such as safety equipment, signaling and evacuation procedures.
  • Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC Convention): Establishes a liability and compensation regime for damage caused by oil spills in maritime waters. There are 1969 and 1992 versions of the agreement.
  • International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR Convention): Regulates search and rescue operations at sea to ensure the safety of passengers and crew in case of emergency.
  • International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW Convention): Establishes standards of training and competency for maritime personnel, including the crew of cruise ships and other passenger vessels.
  • Convention on Civil Liability in respect of Carriage of Passengers by Sea: This convention, known as the Athens Convention, regulates the liability of operators of passenger ships for damage to passengers and their baggage.

In Colombia

In Colombia, regulations on liability in the maritime transportation of passengers can be found in several laws and decrees. Some of the relevant regulations include:

  • Law 1 of 1991 (Code of Commerce): Contains provisions on the contract of carriage by sea and the liability of carriers.
  • Decree 1079 of 2015 (Sole Regulatory Decree of the Transportation Sector): contains provisions on the maritime transportation of passengers, including aspects such as safety, requirements for the provision of services and liability.
  • Resolution 1937 of 2015 (Ministry of Transportation): Regulates the liability of maritime passenger transport operators in Colombia.
  • Resolution 315 of 2016 (Ministry of Transportation): establishes the requirements and procedures for the provision of maritime passenger transportation services.

These are some of the relevant regulations at international level and in Colombia in relation to liability in cruise ships and maritime passenger transportation. It is important to consult the specific regulations in each jurisdiction and to keep informed about possible updates in the regulations.